History of North Cyprus
The Cyprus island is located in the east of the Mediterranean Sea and is the third largest island in the Mediterranean after Sardinia and Sicily.
This beautiful island is bordered by Turkey to the north, Egypt to the south, Syria to the east and Greece to the west.
North Cyprus is a mountainous island and its mountains are located in the northern and southwestern parts. Nicosia is the capital of North Cyprus and has a population of about 73,000.
Due to the good location of Cyprus, the island has been invaded and occupied by various empires, including the Hittites, Assyrians, Egyptians, Iranians, Greeks, Romans, Byzantines, Ottomans, Arabs, and the British.
Before the year 1570, Cyprus was ruled by Europeans and they were the ones who used the island’s resources and position. After that the Ottoman Empire invaded Cyprus for about three hundred years.
From 1878, the Ottoman Empire leased Cyprus to Britain in the face of Russian threats.
With the outbreak of World War II, Britain took full control of Cyprus, and there are numerous story about how the British occupied Cyprus.
The island has been under British rule for 100 years until Cyprus became fully independent in 1960 for the first time in its history. In 1923, the Ottoman Empire collapsed and the Republic of Turkey was formed.
The independent government of Cyprus was formed in 1960 on the basis of the participation of the Turkish and Greek communities in the management of the island, and Britain, Greece and Turkey also guaranteed the sovereignty of the Cypriot government.
The leaders of the three countries of Britain, Greece and Turkey with the leaders of the two parts of Cyprus, signed an agreement on February 11, which divided the island between Greeks and Turks.
Turkish delegates were expelled from the island of Cyprus in 1963 following a series of disputes over the implementation of the agreement and other issues. This was the beginning of a long conflict on the island.
Eventually, as clashes between Greeks and Turks escalated, in 1964 the United Nations peacekeeping mission was commissioned by the organization to establish security and peace on the island. So they came to this island and to this day they are the guardians of security and peace on this island.
In 2003, Greek Cyprus signed agreements with Egypt, Greece and Israel called the Exclusive and Economic Agreements, which referred to maritime borders and their exploitation. The right to operate the Western European gas pipeline, which is scheduled to be operational in 2025, was added to the contract in 2009 and 2011.
Gas wells were discovered and extracted in various dimensions. Like the Tamar gas well from which it was extracted until 2019. This well had a volume of about 2.5 trillion cubic meters, which is about the total gas resources of Azerbaijan.
In recent years, the United Nations has again made efforts to resolve the Cyprus problem, but to no avail.